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Spring Engagement






Field Trip Information

While other Confederate offensives in Kentucky, Mississippi and Western Virginia were being conducted on a thousand mile front, General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, with about 40,000 men, marched across central and western Maryland. Lee’s invasion was the bloodiest and most decisive of these incursions.

Following the Second Battle of Manassas, Lee wrote CSA President Jefferson Davis, “The present seems to be the most propi­tious time since the commencement of the war for the Confederate Army to enter Maryland. If it is ever desired to give ma­terial aid to Maryland and throw off the oppression to which she is now subject, this would seem to most favorable.”

The Confederates, weakened in men, arms and material (especially uniforms & shoes) could afford to be idle. The 85,000 man Union Army, led by General George B. McClellan, was less than 25 miles away. While camped in Frederick, MD., a few days later, Lee decided on a bold move. Due to the 12,000 man Federal garrison at Harpers Ferry which posed a threat to his lines of supply, communication and retreat, Lee divided his army, directing General “Stonewall” Jackson to launch an envelopment of Harpers Ferry; General Daniel H. Hill to guard Turner’s Gap at Boonsboro; General James Longstreet to lead the rest of the army to Hagerstown and prepare to enter Pennsylvania.

This all changed when Lee’s Special Orders #191 fell into Union hands, likely found on the Monocacy Battlefield. McClellan’s army gave chase and forced the Confederates into a holding action Sept 14th, in the South Mountain gaps: Turner’s, Fox’s and Crampton’s. Lee gathered his army at Sharpsburg and decided to make a stand northeast to town. Sept 17, the armies met in the bloodiest one-day battle in history. Casualties: USA = 12,400 CSA = 10,320 Ttl = 22,720


Sights we will visit: Turner’s, Fox’s, Crampton’s Gaps; Gathland State Park, Boonsboro, Burkittsville, Keedysville, Kennedy Farm, Antietam Battlefield & Visitor Center, Sharpsburg, Shepherdstown, Bottler’s Ford, and numerous other places.

Our guide Stephen Recker is the founder of the Antietem Battlefield Guides, and as such he originated the tours, tests and qualifications. When the National Park Service took over the batlefield in 1933, there were no guides present or available. Today, after rigorous examinations and a mentoring process, their ranks include eminent battlefield scholars and professionals. Steve set the standards for other South Mountain/Antietem guides. We are especially pleased to have him guide our tour. Among his battlefield talents, he is the technician for the Top 100 Producers, a senior web developer in Hagerstown, MD, and web site developer at the White House in Washington D.C..

The price of this field trip is $100 per person. This includes round-trip motor-coach transportation from Hummelstown Lower Dauphin High School at 6:00 AM and the Camp Hill Radisson Hotel at 6:30 AM, driver tip, a box-lunch, battlefield and historic sight admissions and Stephen Recker, battlefield guide and historian.

Registration Information

To register, complete the form below and mail it to Sheldon Munn, HCWRT 1483 Maplewood Drive, New Cumberland, PA 17070. Your $25 deposit will hold your seat with the balance due by April 2, 2016. Cancellations received before April 2, 2016 will receive a full refund. Cancellations after April 2, 2016 will receive a refund ONLY if the open seat(s) have been filled by another person.

Make check payable to Harrisburg CWRT. Questions/information to Sheldon Munn (717) 512-1989 or email:


Spring Registration Form and Trip Information




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